Climate Finance Tracking

Data on climate finance flows at global, national, and sector levels are critical to scaling climate action where it is most needed.

Starting in 2010 with the first assessment of global climate finance flows ever undertaken, CPI has tracked and analyzed climate finance flows for more than a decade, building robust methodologies to ensure accuracy and credibility. Leveraging several data sources and partnerships, including our own primary research, we support decision makers from the public and private sectors to define and track how climate finance is flowing from sources and actors, through a range of financial instruments, to recipients and end uses.

CPI is the leading source of climate finance tracking that covers public and private sources

CPI’s Global Landscape of Climate Finance provides the most comprehensive overview of the sources driving investment and how much climate finance is flowing to which geographies and sectors. The Landscape assesses domestic and international investment from both the public and private sectors and provides policymakers and civil society a consistent baseline against which to measure progress towards levels of investment consistent with climate goals.

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Our robust Landscape methodology has been applied at the regional, national, and subnational levels to analyze sources and uses of climate finance that support policy decisions, regulatory approaches, advocacy design, as well as to supplement NDC financing strategies.

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We also analyze funding gaps and opportunities in key sectors such as land use, adaptation, energy access, cities, and renewable energy finance.

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CPI’s tracking reports were the first to provide a comprehensive picture of all climate finance data reported to or by other organizations, based on over 20 data sources including the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and Bloomberg New Energy Finance.

The data produced by CPI’s tracking work provides key data evidence in the context of the UNFCCC negotiations and technical discussions, for the IPCC Assessment Reports, and is used in national development plans and strategies drawn up by governments and financial institutions.

The engagement of key stakeholders in compiling these reports, and particularly providers of international public finance, has informed efforts by multilateral development banks, bilateral financial institutions, and national development banks to close some of the major gaps we report in our studies.


CPI oversees a network of experts who work to achieve greater impact and scale in climate finance by improving and aligning tracking efforts. The Group provides collaboration among major players in climate finance tracking, looking at specific market segments and themes including banking, capital markets, data, and national tracking. The Group also provides strategic direction for CPI’s research and climate finance tracking work.

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Many tracking gaps and challenges remain. By continuing to provide more comprehensive and comparable data, CPI’s work will continue to help decision-makers optimize the use of their resources. Please get in touch at if you would like to learn more or support our research.

Latest work


Landscape of Guarantees for Climate Finance in EMDEs

Cross-border guarantees are an important but underused tool for leveraging private capital in climate finance, particularly for emerging markets and developing economies. CPI conducted a comprehensive scoping analysis to gain a baseline understanding of the global landscape of guarantees. These instruments were analyzed based on financial instrument coverage, sector and climate focus, geographic reach, and types of risk coverage.


Financing Adaptation in India

India faces heightened vulnerability to climate change repercussions, given its diverse geography and socio-economic conditions. This report assesses India’s adaptation approach, scrutinizes the policy landscape, evaluates state-level investment needs, and explores avenues to bridge funding gaps through public and private finance.


California Landscape of Climate Finance

To support California in meeting its climate goals and using its budget most effectively, CPI created this first-of-its-kind landscape of climate finance in California.


The Cost of Inaction

This blog analyzes the cost of climate inaction based on findings from the Global Landscape of Climate Finance 2023.


Climate-Aligned Investments in Indonesia's Financial Sector

Our latest tracking of climate finance within Indonesia’s financial sector breaks down contributions from both public and private financial institutions, as well as identifies opportunities to further scale up climate-aligned invetsment and mainstream the principle of sustainability into investment flow.


Climate Finance in Ghana

This brief examines the lifecycle of climate finance in Ghana.


State and Trends in Climate Adaptation Finance 2023

This report, published with GCA, covers global status and trends of adaptation finance.


Net Zero Finance Tracker

The NZFT is a first-of-its-kind collaborative and interactive data platform that aims to provide a comprehensive assessment of how private financial institutions are progressing on their climate commitments and delivering impact on the ground.

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