Sustainable Agriculture

Photo: Priscilla Negreiros

Global population growth and improved economic conditions create increasing demand for food and agricultural raw materials. At the same time, agricultural activities are one of the most significant sources of carbon emissions and water use, and climate change is set to have severe impacts on food production and nutrition across the globe.

CPI research identifies pathways to implement more productive and climate-resilient agricultural practices that incorporate low emission standards and sustainable techniques. The research, analysis and business models we develop support the scaling of sustainable agricultural practices worldwide. We promote partnerships with public and private entities to develop financial mechanisms to fund the adoption of sustainable agricultural practices as well as work directly with policymakers in the design of more effective policies to spur sustainable growth in the agricultural sector.

Latest work


Aligning Rural Credit with the Forest Code

This document, which was elaborated by PUC Rio’s Núcleo de Avaliação de Políticas Climáticas/Climate Policy Intiative (CPI), recommends the association between Rural Credit and the Forest Code to be put in practice in the next Plano Safra (2019/2020) – which is Brazilian annual agricultural plan.


The Fragmented Rules of Brazilian Rural Credit


A Sustainable Economic Transition for Berau, East Kalimantan

This CPI study, produced as part of Project LEOPALD or Low Emissions Oil Palm Development examines whether palm oil’s potential as an economic driver will bear out for Indonesia’s goals, using Berau as an example case.


Indonesia’s Village Fund

In keeping with its goals for sustainable economic growth and an inclusive and equitable economy, Indonesia is committed to avoiding deforestation. As the drivers of deforestation often originate from activities outside of forest borders, it is not enough to solve deforestation by conducting segregated actions targeted to specific forest areas. Indonesia must also work to strengthen the rural economy and improve regional collaboration by working across various administrative jurisdictions that encompass forest governance. To ensure the success of this jurisdictional approach, improved economic power and village governance are key.


Insecure Land Rights in Brazil: Consequences for Rural Areas and Challenges for Improvement

This report shows that there are important social, economic, and environmental costs associated with the lack of well-defined property rights; while at the same time presenting the many complexities within Brazil’s system of land governance that need to be addressed in order to improve the system.


Conexsus Impact Fund

The Conexsus Impact Fund is the only fund in Brazil designed to redirect federal subsidized credit (Pronaf) to sustainable production systems and those that keep forests standing.


GROVE: Forestry Smart Ledger

GROVE: FSL crowdfunds capital for smallscale forestry projects, reduces monitoring costs through remote sensing and machine learning, and increases financial transparency and local community earnings through blockchain-backed smart contracts.


Monetizing Water Savings

MWS is a novel, collaborative approach to improve economic outcomes for farmers, create resilient supply chains and increase water efficiency by using “pay for performance” to accelerate sustainable agriculture practices in water-stressed regions


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