Global Landscape of Climate Finance 2021

The 2021 Global Landscape of Climate Finance shows that global climate finance reached USD 632 billion in 2019/2020. Building on the preview findings released in the run-up to COP, this version dives deeper into the financial flows along their life cycles, from sources and intermediaries, through to how finance is ultimately used on the ground.

CPI is an analysis and advisory organization with deep expertise in finance and policy. Our mission is to help governments, businesses, and financial institutions drive economic growth while addressing climate change.

Latest work


Finance for climate action is not on a par with the warming world

In the wake of COP26, a renewed sense of urgency has gathered around climate finance and the complex and sometimes competing challenges this raises. CPI has released the in-depth version of its 2021 Global Landscape of Climate Finance report, which seeks to calibrate this discussion by providing the most comprehensive overview of global climate-related primary investment in 2019/2020.


Credit for Investments in Brazilian Agriculture and the Role of the Brazilian Development Bank

The study presents an analysis of BNDES performance and evolution in terms of rural credit, as well as the characteristics of credit granted by the bank for the purchase of agricultural machinery and equipment.


What to look for when assessing net zero commitments from private financial institutions

Institutions managing over $130 trillion in assets are now committed to net zero by 2050. This increase in the number of commitments has been met with equal parts excitement, trepidation, and skepticism. This blog explains what to look for when assessing net zero commitments.


Where Does Brazil Stand with the Implementation of the Forest Code? A Snapshot of the CAR and PRA in Brazilian States - 2021 Edition

This publication is part of a project to permanently monitor the implementation of the Forest Code in Brazilian states, with contributions from environmental and agricultural bodies at the state level. 


The Relationship between Forest Fires and Deforestation in the Amazon: Phenomena Are More Closely Related in Rural Settlements and in Occupied Public Lands

This study from CPI/PUC-Rio presents the main findings from an analysis of the occurrence of forest fires in the Brazilian Amazon and their relationship with subsequent deforestation.


Through DETER’s Lens: The Relationship between Degradation and Deforestation in the Amazon

This document presents the main results of an analogous analysis that explores publicly available, more recent, and more detailed data about forest loss from the Real-Time Deforestation Detection System (Sistema de Detecção de Desmatamento em Tempo Real – DETER), also produced by INPE.


The Role of Brazil’s Federal Court of Accounts in Managing Social and Environmental Risks for Federal Railway and Highway Concessions

This publication study and analyzes the prior oversight by the TCU of federal railway and highway concessions, focusing on how the court has assessed the socio-environmental aspects of the projects, with the aim of mitigating risks.


5 Climate Finance Themes that Emerged from COP26

The blizzard of announcements and events from COP26 can be challenging to parse.


A Snapshot of Urban Green Finance in Two Indian Cities

This study examines the landscape of urban green finance in two Indian cities, Hyderabad and Kolkata

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