Land Use

Amazon River. Photo: Carolina Marques

As the global population grows, it’s more important than ever to use land and natural resources efficiently. To meet the world’s needs, we must improve agricultural productivity while avoiding expansion into carbon-rich areas like forests.

CPI research identifies and assesses opportunities to improve land-use efficiency and increase the productivity of land while simultaneously protecting forests’ vital carbon stocks. Current partnerships include the Ministry of Agriculture in Brazil, the Ministry of Finance in Indonesia, and other decision-makers to support a Production & Protection strategy.

Latest work


The Amazon Domino Effect: How Deforestation Can Trigger Widespread Degradation

Researchers from CPI/PUC-Rio present unprecedented results on the impacts of deforestation in different regions of the forest. They identify that, on average, for every 100 trees deforested, 22 additional trees die in regions distant from the deforestation due to lack of water.


Where Does Brazil Stand and Where Is It Heading in the Implementation of the Forest Code? Opportunities for the New Lula Administration

In this publication, researchers from CPI/PUC-Rio provide an unprecedented and updated snapshot of the implementation of the Forest Code in all Brazilian states to identify the primary challenges that must be overcome and to present an agenda with seven key actions for the effective implementation of the Forest Code across the country.


Smallholders in the Caatinga and the Cerrado: A Baseline Analysis for a Rural Just Transition in Brazil

CPI/PUC-Rio researchers tackle the concept of rural just transition in Brazil, providing a baseline of smallholders in two of Brazil’s most critical biomes: the Cerrado and the Caatinga.


Revealing Incentives: Implications of the Design of Public Rural Insurance Policies in Brazil

In this report, researchers from CPI/PUC-Rio analyze the inner workings of both PROAGRO and the PSR and unveil how the design of each program generates different incentives for producers, insurance claims adjusters, and financial agents, with an impact on the effectiveness of public spending.


Mining Royalties and Socioeconomic Development in Pará

In this insight brief, researchers from Climate Policy Initiative/Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (CPI/PUC-Rio) present evidence of the relationship between mining royalties and development in the state of Pará, Brazil.


Rural Investment: BNDES Credit Contributes to Agricultural Intensification

The study evaluates the effects of BNDES rural credit for investment in machinery and equipment on agricultural activity and land use in Brazil.

More results +

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