Saat dunia merespons ketahanan pangan dan perubahan iklim, Brasil memiliki posisi kekuatan yang unik. Berkat kemajuan teknologi dalam praktik pertanian dan keberhasilan baru-baru ini dalam mengendalikan deforestasi, penggunaan lahan beralih ke praktik yang lebih berkelanjutan. Meningkatkan kebutuhan produksi pertanian sembari mempromosikan regularisasi lingkungan dan konservasi sumber daya alamnya adalah agenda yang menantang yang membawa peluang besar bagi negara dan sektor-sektor produktif.
Inisiatif Penggunaan Lahan (INPUT – Iniciativa para oso da Terra) menyatukan Agroicone dengan Climate Policy Initiative (CPI) di Brasil. Inisiatif ini mengandalkan tim khusus yang terdiri dari ahli ekonomi, pengacara, ahli matematika, ahli geografi dan ahli agronomi terkemuka yang bekerja di garis depan bagaimana meningkatkan perlindungan lingkungan dan produksi pangan.
INPUT melibatkan para pemangku kepentingan di sektor publik dan swasta Brazil dan memetakan tantangan untuk pengelolaan sumber daya alamnya yang lebih baik. Juga, ia memobilisasi agen rantai produktif untuk mempromosikan kepatuhan terhadap Kode Hutan yang baru. Selain itu, proyek ini bertujuan menganalisis dan memengaruhi penciptaan kebijakan ekonomi rendah karbon generasi berikutnya di Brazil.
Improving Public Contracting Processes of Socio-Eviromental Studies for Brazil's Land Transportation Projects
In this report, researchers from CPI/PUC-Rio analyze in detail the public contracting process for EVTEA and EIAs for land transport infrastructure projects in the Amazon and reveal: a lack of transparency in the contracting process and a lack of criteria for selection, evaluation and approval of the studies.
Report Launch: Where Are We at Implementing the Forest Code? An X-Ray of the CAR and the PRA in Brazilian States – 2020 Edition
Webinar launching the report Where Are We at Implementing the Forest Code report? Radiography of the CAR and PRA in the Brazilian States – Edition 2020. Panelists were invited to comment on the panorama of implementation of the Forest Code from the point of view of financing, international cooperation, agricultural activity, and environmental restoration.
Brazil's Infrastructure Project Life Cycles: From Planning to Viability. Creation of a New Phase May Increase Project Quality
In this brief, researchers from CPI/PUC-Rio and Inter.B collaborated to analyze the instruments available for infrastructure planning – particularly those related to the land transport sector.
In this Whitepaper, researchers from CPI/PUC-Rio highlights the need for the logistics projects’ EVTEA and EIAs to incorporate and correctly identify the indirect effects that result from the changes in transportation costs induced by improvements. It describes how using a combination of geoprocessing tools and statistical analysis can be used to identify these impacts and provides an example of their importance.
CPI/PUC-Rio has assessed Ferrogrão’s governance, planning, and environmental risks as a way to contribute to the ongoing debate on sustainable infrastructure policies and projects in the country. This executive summary presents three studies conducted over the last year, which: (i) analyze the robustness of Ferrogrão’s planning based on a set of structuring questions, which should be prepared in the pre-feasibility stage; (ii) evaluate the administrative rites and the governance of decision-making related to the project; and (iii) develop an innovative methodology to understand Ferrogrão’s area of influence and deforestation risk.
In this technical note, researchers from CPI/PUC-Rio (i) analyze how areas of influence are currently defined by government bodies and in the Terms of Reference for EVTEA and EIAs for land transportation infrastructure projects; (ii) present a set of recommendations for the adoption of clearer criteria for the definition and demarcation of areas of influence for new projects, from a perspective that explicitly incorporates where the direct and indirect effects of this type of undertaking will occur; and (iii) propose a dialogue between the EVTEA and the EIA.
The Role of Cooperatives in Rural Credit: Cooperative Credit Grows During the Economic Crisis and Supports the Inclusion of Small-Scale Producers
This brief analyze cooperatives’ participation in rural credit, addressing both recent developments and potential challenges
Brazil Needs to Monitor its Tropical Regeneration: Remote Monitoring System is Technologically Feasible, but Needs Public Policy Support
This paper offers recommendations on how to move forward in developing remote systems to monitor secondary vegetation.
Protected Territories, Though Critical, are Not Enough to Slow Amazon Deforestation: Brazil Requires Coordinated and Targeted Conservation Policies
New work from CPI/PUC-Rio shows that protected territories shielded forests under their domain, but they also appear to have deflected deforestation to unprotected regions. The findings highlight the local effectiveness of these territories, and thereby support their use in protecting high-value areas. Yet, results also reinforce the importance of pursuing protection strategies in combination with integrated conservation policy efforts to reduce deforestation throughout the Amazon.
The Impacts of Rural Credit on Agricultural Outcomes and Land Use: An Analysis by Credit Lines, Producer Types and Credit Uses
In this work, Climate Policy Initiative (CPI/PUC-RIO) provides a detailed impact analysis of the Brazilian Rural Credit policy on agricultural production, land use and deforestation.
Brazil Knows What to Do to Fight Deforestation in the Amazon: Monitoring and Law Enforcement Work and Must be Strengthened
The present study, conducted by researchers at CPI/PUC-Rio, indicates that this monitoring system works. Results also suggest that forest protection did not interfere with local agricultural production, and that its expected benefits outweighed the associated policy costs.