The German National Strategy for Sustainable Development, the Integrated Climate Protection Program, and the Kyoto Protocol define a number of energy and climate objectives. These objectives spurred the development and refinement of a set of policies to create incentives for energy efficiency improvements and to raise funds to finance energy security and climate policy objectives. These policies include:
- The Environmental Tax Reform,
- The Combined Heat and Power Act,
- The EU Emission Trading Scheme, and
- The Renewable Energy Act.