Organized by Climate Policy Initiative (CPI) in collaboration with the World Bank Group, China Light Power (CLP) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the Fourth Annual Meeting of the San Giorgio Group was held over one and a half days on the Island of San Giorgio Maggiore in Venice.

The San Giorgio Group assembles key financial intermediaries and institutions actively engaged in green, low-emissions finance.

For further information on the San Giorgio Group, please contact:

SGG4 Crowded photo

Thursday, 16 October 2014

Thomas Heller, Executive Director, Climate Policy Initiative

Introductory Panel: Global States of Play

The introductory session focused on the global state of climate-related financing activities of both the public and private sectors. It introduced the meeting’s central areas of interest and overarching questions for the subsequent sessions. Developments, achievements and challenges that have affected information about global climate financing over the past year were considered. A possible outlook of climate financing in light of the upcoming international negotiations to agree a new climate treaty, and identify areas where political and technical discussions could benefit from better information about the actors, policies, and instruments, that sit behind the climate finance landscape were also presented. Panelists provided insights how we can scale up public and private financing of green, low-emission projects and explore how these flows compare to conventional investments into “brown assets”.

Chair: Jane Wilkinson, Director, Climate Policy Initiative


  • Barbara Buchner, Senior Director, Climate Policy Initiative Europe
  • Jan Corfee-Morlot, Team Leader for Environment, Climate Change and Development, OECD Development Co-operation Directorate
    Presentation: OECD – Update on Tracking Climate Finance
  • Michael Liebreich, Chairman of the Advisory Board, Bloomberg New Energy Finance
  • Nancy Saich, Managerial Advisor, European Investment Bank
    Presentation: Climate Tracking: The Joint MDB Approach
  • Nathan Williams, Communications Manager, Institutional Investors Group on Climate Change
    Presentation: Low Carbon Investment Registry


Panel: Financing High-Cost/Advanced Renewable Energy – The Case of Geothermal Energy

This session focused on the roles of the public and private sector in geothermal energy. Developing geothermal energy projects can require high risks and longer lead-in times than other kinds of renewables projects. Tailored technology-specific public finance support and tools are a prerequisite for success. Different countries have developed their geothermal resources in different ways with models ranging from total public-led development to private-led development, with different mixes in between. The session looked at how national policies, financing structures and industry capacities can deduce the best development model for that country.

Chair: Kirsty Hamilton, Head of Policy, Low Carbon Finance Group Fellow, Chatham House



Panel: Financing Efficient and Resilient Land Use

Meeting economic growth goals, environmental protection and climate resilience goals simultaneously, is a challenge for governments. Settings that promote economy-wide shifts to efficient land use and sustained growth in agriculture alongside the environmental protection are essential to deliver impact at scale, and to harness the experience, resources and reach of large agriculture businesses. Panelists discussed the challenges faced by governments, businesses and communities, in meeting increased global demand for food while addressing climate risk, and deliberated how partnerships between public and private actors can deliver integrated approaches and tools that deliver profit and growth, while guaranteeing the sustainability of supply and delivering benefits to communities.

Chair: Vikram Widge, Head, Climate and Carbon Finance, International Finance Corporation (IFC), The World Bank Group


Closing remarks by Thomas C. Heller, Executive Director, Climate Policy Initiative

Social Dinner

Dinner remarks on The Global Innovation Lab for Climate Finance

  • Michael Liebreich, Chairman of the Advisory Board, Bloomberg New Energy Finance and Lab Principal



Friday, 17 October 2014

Panel: Green Bonds – Solution or Labelling?

What does success look like in the green bonds market? This session focused on how we should view growth in the green bonds market and measure progress. Panelists considered whether the labelling of bonds in order to green fixed-income portfolios is an objective in and of itself, or whether labelling could also catalyze a measurable increase in climate finance flows. From the issuer’s perspective, the question discussed was whether demand for green bonds can alter behaviors or business models? From the investor’s perspective, whether green bonds can help manage climate/carbon risk? Does labelling result in having limited investment silos within portfolios or can it integrate across asset classes? And, finally, from the policy perspective, the question posed was what are the right tools to incentivize greater allocations to climate finance?

Chair: Simon Upton, Director, Environment Directorate, OECD



Panel: How to Scale up Green Investments in Emerging Markets?

Green investments in emerging markets are gaining steam – but remain far below levels needed to achieve a low-emission transition in these countries that is in line with national targets and global temperature goals. Policies and supporting mechanisms are at different stages of development across emerging markets and lessons are now being learned. Among these, it is apparent that in emerging economies, a particular set of risks, both real and perceived, impedes investments and presents a major hurdle for scaling up green investment flows. This session discussed how to address obstacles and identify strategies to channel additional private investments into green projects in emerging markets. Panelists drew on their expertise in Brazil, India, Indonesia and Africa and shared what has worked on the ground and what has not, considering the role and interplay of the right policies, Development Finance Institutions and private investors to unlock green investments in emerging markets.

Chair: Nikolaus Schultze, Assistant Director-General, Public-Private Cooperation Division, Global Green Growth Institute


Concluding Panel: Innovative Finance and Cross-Border Flows – Key in Scaling Up?

Global climate finance flows have plateaued and remain far below even the most conservative estimates of financing needs for a pathway to a low-emission transition. Additionally, climate finance exhibits a significant “home bias”, with three quarters of flows remaining in the country of origin. This session focused on innovative instruments that will foster cross-border climate investments. What elements do new instruments need to incorporate to ensure that they are actionable and replicable at scale? Panelists highlighted how different financial instruments can target institutional investors’ and private capital to support foreign investments. The session concluded in providing an outlook on necessary next steps to increase innovative finance and contribute to bridging the financing gap.

Chair: Thomas C. Heller, Executive Director, Climate Policy Initiative


  • Nanno Kleiterp, CEO, FMO
  • Torben Möger Pedersen, CEO and Managing Director, PensionDanmark
    Presentation: PensionDanmark’s Investment Criteria
  • Brian Olvany, Executive Director, Private Debt Strategy Implementation Team, Zurich Insurance Group
    Vikram Widge, Head, Climate and Carbon Finance, International Finance Corporation (IFC), The World Bank Group

Closing of the meeting by Thomas Heller, Executive Director, Climate Policy Initiative.


Cookie use: We use cookies to personalize content by preferred language and to analyze our traffic. Please refer to our privacy policy for more information.