Endowments

Endowments manage the assets of social institutions by making investments with a long time horizon to derive income, in perpetuity, for the institutions’ operations. They can make equity or debt investments. Examples include endowments for professional institutes or societies, universities, and churches.

Responding entities tracked


Criteria

Responding Endowments Tracked

Institutions by number

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Institutions that are joining the “Paris race,” by making a commitment to any level of action under any of the three dimensions (Targets, Integration, Flows). Depending on which Criteria is selected, this trend shows the number of institutions or the total assets they represent (USD billion).

How many institutions are joining the “Paris race”, by making a commitment to any level of action under any of the three dimensions. Depending on which is selected, this trend shows the number of institutions or the total assets they represent (USD billion).

In 2020 the number of endowments reporting on Paris responses increased eight-fold from 17 in 2019 to 202 in 2020. Most of the response by endowments in the UK is at the target-setting level, with few institutions reporting progress at the integration or portfolio alignment levels.

Trends By Dimension


Criteria

Targets

Distribution

Institutions by number

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Distribution of integration scores for the selected institution category. Gradations in each bar represent different levels of response (ranging 0-100 from “Initial response” to “Advanced response”). The distribution can be based on the number of institutions or their underlying assets (USD billion).

Distribution of targets scores for the selected institution category. Gradations in each bar represent different levels of response (ranging 0-100 from “Initial response” to “Advanced response”). The distribution can be based on the number of institutions or their underlying assets (USD billion).

Reliability

Target drivers

*based on average nr or AUM of reporting entities in the last 5 years

AVERAGE SCORE

Avg by number of institutions

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The green line indicates the average integration score (0-100 from “Initial response” to “Advanced response”) for the selected institution category. The average across institutions can be calculated as simple average of scores or weighted by the assets of covered entities. The dotted line indicates the score of the single institution emerging as the category’s “early leader.”

The green line indicates the average targets score (0-100 from “Initial response” to “Advanced response”) for the selected institution category. The average across institutions can be calculated as simple average of scores or weighted by the assets of covered entities. The dotted line indicates the score of the single institution emerging as the category’s “early leader.”

Reliability

Target drivers

*based on average nr or AUM of reporting entities in the last 5 years

The vast majority of endowments made their first strategic responses in 2020. Almost 90% of this group show a developed response on targets. Average scores in earlier years have been surpassed by later responders, showing that a large number of endowments are adopting bolder strategies from the get-go.

Nevertheless, there is still margin for improvement. Most endowments still score below 40. In 2020, the University of Edinburgh emerged as early leader with a score of 50. Tied in second place with 42 were Church Commissioners for England, Emmanuel College at the University of Cambridge, and Jesuits in Britain. Alongside raising awareness, an important driver of endowments’ scores is adoption of divestment goals, which for the most part have been disclosed transparently. Early leaders have also set institutional strategies to deliver these targets.

Integration

Distribution

Institutions by number

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Distribution of integration scores for the selected institution category. Gradations in each bar represent different levels of response (ranging 0-100 from “Initial response” to “Advanced response”). The distribution can be based on the number of institutions or their underlying assets (USD billion).

Distribution of targets scores for the selected institution category. Gradations in each bar represent different levels of response (ranging 0-100 from “Initial response” to “Advanced response”). The distribution can be based on the number of institutions or their underlying assets (USD billion).

Reliability

Integration drivers

*based on average nr or AUM of reporting entities in the last 5 years

AVERAGE SCORE

Avg by number of institutions

Chart Bar

The green line indicates the average integration score (0-100 from “Initial response” to “Advanced response”) for the selected institution category. The average across institutions can be calculated as simple average of scores or weighted by the assets of covered entities. The dotted line indicates the score of the single institution emerging as the category’s “early leader.”

The green line indicates the average targets score (0-100 from “Initial response” to “Advanced response”) for the selected institution category. The average across institutions can be calculated as simple average of scores or weighted by the assets of covered entities. The dotted line indicates the score of the single institution emerging as the category’s “early leader.”

Reliability

Integration drivers

*based on average nr or AUM of reporting entities in the last 5 years

By comparison to targets, the number of endowments introducing climate measures in their decision-making is small. The first 2 endowments started reporting in 2016, and only 14 reported in 2020. Most of these institutions are at only an initial response stage, with very low scores (below 10).

Yet a small number of early leaders have shown a developed response, moving well ahead of their peers and showing what is possible. These endowments also have a large majority of the assets in the group reporting integration measures. Church Commissioners for England has been the early leader since 2019 scoring 60, followed by the Church of England itself with 41 and the University of Edinburgh with 39. The main difference between these organizations and the rest is their use of accountability measures and incentives for climate-related performance, and due diligence and reporting of climate risks in their portfolios.

Flows

INVESTMENT TRENDS

USDm *2019-2020 data is incomplete

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Bars show the volume of transactions in primary low-carbon and climate-resilient investments, and green bond issuances. Figures are always expressed in USD million.

Sources: BNEF, CBI, CPI, NAZCA, RAN

Reliability

Flows drivers

*based on average nr or AUM of reporting entities in the last 5 years

PORTFOLIO ALIGNMENT

Institutions by number

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Distribution of institutions based on the assessment of the share of their investment portfolios exposed to climate-critical sectors as either aligned or misaligned with Paris goals. The distribution can be based on the number of institutions or their underlying assets (USD billion).

Sources: FFD, FinanceMap, TPI

Reliability

Flows drivers

*based on average nr or AUM of reporting entities in the last 5 years

Endowments do not make investments directly into assets or infrastructure on the ground, but they can report the alignment of their portfolios. Just over 5% of 191 endowments assessed in 2020 had aligned portfolios, showing the importance of measures on other dimensions to guide investment practices into alignment with Paris.

TRENDS BY INDICATORS


Targets indicators


Awareness of climate change

awareness of climate change

Institutions by number

Chart - How to read

Distribution of institutions that have announced a clear commitment to addressing climate change through their activities, thereby raising awareness for action on climate risks or goals. The distribution can be based on the number of institutions or their underlying assets (USD billion).

Sources: PRI, TPI or activity tracked under other indicators (adoption of mitigation targets, investment and divestment goals, activity to influence actors in the system).

Reliability

Adoption of quantified mitigation targets

Adoption of quantified mitigation targets

Institutions by number

Chart - How to read

Distribution of institutions that have set clear targets for climate action (primarily reducing their emissions), whether those are quantitative targets or general, and whether they are disclosed transparently. The distribution can be based on the number of institutions or their underlying assets (USD billion).

Sources: SBTi, ERI, NAZCA, WMB, TPI, NZAOA, PRB

Reliability

Mitigation targets by type

Institutions by number

Chart - How to read

Distribution of institutions that have set a target, by type of target adopted. The distribution can be based on the number of institutions or their underlying assets (USD billion).

Sources: SBTi, NAZCA

Reliability

Adoption of investment goals

ADOPTION OF INVESTMENT GOALS

Institutions by number

Chart - How to read

Distribution of institutions that have set and disclosed clear, accountable and measurable targets to provide a volume of financial services and investments for climate action. The distribution can be based on the institutions by number or their underlying assets (USD billion).

Sources: WRI

Reliability

AGGREGATE INVESTMENT GOALS

USDm

Chart - How to read

Bars show the cumulative volume of investments that institutions have committed to in goals at the organizational level. Figures are always expressed in USD millions.

Sources: WRI

Reliability

Adoption of divestment goals

Adoption of divestment goals

Institutions by number

Chart - How to read

Distribution of institutions that have announced a clear target to divest from fossil fuels, with a clearly defined scope. The distribution can be based on the number of institutions or their underlying assets (USD billion).

Sources: DivestInvest, FFD

Reliability

Adoption of institutional strategy on climate change

Adoption of institutional strategy on climate change

Institutions by number

Chart - How to read

Distribution of institutions that have set an institution-level strategy to incorporate climate change risks and opportunities, including investment or decarbonization plans. The distribution can be based on the number of institutions or their underlying assets (USD billion).

Sources: PDC, PRI, TPI, CAFI, PRB

Reliability

Influencing actors in the system

Influencing actors in the system

Institutions by number

Chart - How to read

Distribution of institutions that are engaging with government and industry on climate change. The distribution can be based on the number of institutions or their underlying assets (USD billion).

Sources: InfluenceMap, World Economic Forum / Mission Possible, BEI, IA, SAS, PSI, PRI, NZAOA, WMB, TPI

Reliability

Integration indicators


Disclosure of climate risks

Disclosure of climate risks

Institutions by number

Chart - How to read

Distribution of institutions that have committed to the disclosure of climate risks and, if so, whether the level of disclosure has been assessed and can be considered sufficient. The distribution can be based on the number of institutions or their underlying assets (USD billion).

Sources: AODP, PRI, TCFD, CA 100+, WMB

Reliability

Emissions reporting

Emissions reporting

Institutions by number

Chart - How to read

Distribution of institutions that have committed to disclose their emissions, and whether there is evidence that emissions are already been tracked internally. Emissions that are verified or cover the full range of activities (scope 1, 2, and 3) are here considered of higher quality. The distribution can be based on the number of institutions or their underlying assets (USD billion).

Sources: TPI, PCAF, PRI

Reliability

Climate progress reporting

Climate progress reporting

Institutions by number

Chart - How to read

Distribution of institutions that are committing to provide, or providing regular updates on measures implemented, and actions taken.

Distribution can be based alternatively on the number of institutions or their underlying assets (USDbn).

Sources: SSEI, CAFI, PSI, WRI, PRB, NZAOA, WMB, PRI

Reliability

Carbon price

CARBON PRICE

Institutions by number

Chart - How to read

Distribution of institutions that have committed to an internal carbon price to inform their decision making, have already adopted one, or transparently disclosed one to the public. The distribution can be based on the number of institutions or their underlying assets (USD billion).

Sources: CDP, CPLC, TPI, WMB, NAZCA

Reliability

CARBON PRICE RANGE ADOPTED

Institutions by number

Chart - How to read

Distribution of institutions that adopted and disclosed a carbon price, by actual carbon price range. The distribution can be based on the number of institutions or their underlying assets (USD billion), while the carbon price range is expressed in USD/tCO2.

Sources: CDP

Reliability

Climate scenario tools

Climate scenario tools

Institutions by number

Chart - How to read

Distribution of institutions that integrated temperature and climate scenario tools to support decision making, and the level of sophistication of the scenario used. The distribution can be based on the number of institutions or their underlying assets (USD billion).

Sources: PRI, TPI

Reliability

Climate risk due diligence

Climate risk due diligence

Institutions by number

Chart - How to read

Distribution of institutions that have adopted internal climate risk due diligence and related procedures, distinguishing between organizations that so far committed to do so and those that have already put measures in place, and the degree at which they are integrated across the operational and strategic levels of the organization. The distribution can be based on the number of institutions or their underlying assets (USD billion).

Sources: PRI, TPI, CAFI

Reliability

Climate-related accountability

Climate-related accountability

Institutions by number

Chart - How to read

Distribution of institutions that have adopted measures for climate accountability, looking at the extent of accountability and incentives for chief and operations-level staff, and at the existence of dedicated staff responsible for coordinating climate action. The distribution can be based on the number of institutions or their underlying assets (USD billion).

Sources: PRI, TPI, SSEI

Reliability

Shareholder / client engagement

Shareholder / client engagement

Institutions by number

Chart - How to read

Distribution of institutions that have committed to engaging shareholders or clients on climate action, or that are taking the necessary steps by mandating climate reporting requirements or through active ownership. The distribution can be based on the number of institutions or their underlying assets (USD billion).

Sources: PRI, PRB, SSEI, 2Di FM, CA 100+

Reliability

Flows indicators


Investment trends

Investment trends

USDm *2019-2020 data is incomplete

Chart - How to read

Bars show the volume of transactions in primary low-carbon and climate-resilient investments, and green bond issuances. Figures are always expressed in USD million.

Sources: BNEF, CBI, CPI, NAZCA, RAN

Reliability

Portfolio alignment

PORTFOLIO ALIGNMENT

Institutions by number

Chart - How to read

Distribution of institutions based on the assessment of the share of their investment portfolios exposed to climate-critical activities as either aligned or misaligned with Paris goals. The distribution can be based on the number of institutions or their underlying assets (USD billion).

Sources: FFD, FinanceMap, TPI

Reliability

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